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电信级别路由软件Junos使用指南

作者:未知 网络 (2005-07-08 15:33:47)

1、准备工作

1
PC的配置最低要求:
Pentium CPU/64M
内存/1GB IDE硬盘/Intel EtherExpress Pro 10/100M 网卡

说明:Intel EtherExpress网卡有基于三种芯片的,分别是Intel825578255882559。这三种都可以,要看你的PC支持程度。在二手市场上,Intel网卡价格分别是25/35/80元左右。hehe,具体的价格视乎你的进货渠道和侃价水平。如果在广州的二手市场,按照这个配置(Pentium MMX166/64M/2GB/2*Intel 82558)买一台IBM GL系列的二手机,价格大约在400元以内,最好主板支持多几个PCI插槽。

安装时,必须有一个显示器和键盘,在olive安装完必之后可以不用;最好再自备一条Cisco Console,可接到notebook上用超级终端连接olive机器COM1口。

可以采用1.44M的软盘或光驱安装,如果你的PC比较旧,不支持光碟启动,那只能用软盘安装了,准备两张空白的1.44MB软盘就够了。

2
FreeBSD操作系统:

如果你打算安装JunOS5.x版本,推荐采用FreeBSD 4.x版本。建议到ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/releases/i386/ISO-IMAGES 下载FreeBSD 4.xmini版本ISO文件。根据我的实际测试,在FreeBSD 4.724.8上安装junos 5.2/5.5/5.6都顺利通过。

如果采用光驱启动安装,你还得采用刻录工具把这个ISO文件刻录到光碟上。

如果采用软驱启动安装,请利用光碟上提供的工具软件\tools\fdimage.exe将目录\floppies下的kern.flpmfsroot.flp两个文件分别写到两张软盘上,用这两张软盘来启动机器,让后通过FTP/CD-ROM/NFS/HTTP等方式进行FreeBSD的安装。

2
、安装工作

1
FreeBSD的安装
veve
帖子提供了详细的图解,所以我这里不做具体的介绍,只给出一个分区的方案供大家参考(假设采用物理分区1,大少为1GB)
Slice Size Mount Poing

----------------------------------------------
/dev/ad0s1a 400M /
;根分区
/dev/ad0s1b 128M swap
;交换空间,一般是内存的倍数,这里取2倍;
/dev/ad0s1e 10M /config
;存放juniper.conf等文件,所分配空间不用很大;
/dev/ad0s1f rest /var
;其他的空间作为一个slice,存放各种配置和系统文件等;

2
JunOS的安装
FreeBSD顺利安装完毕之后,可通过FTP或光碟等方式将jinstalljbundle等文件拷贝到/var/tmp目录下。对于JunOS 5.x版本,第一次安装需要采用jinstall版本,可以采用FTP提供的jinstall5.2/5.5版本,然后在这基础上用jbundel5.6升级到更高的版本。具体的命令如下:
1>rm /dev/wd0c
2>ln -s /dev/ad0c /dev/wd0c
3>mkdir /var/etc; cd /var/etc
4>touch master.passwd; touch inetd.conf; touch group
5>pkg_add jinstall-xxx.tgz
under jinstall-xxx.tgz所在目录下
6>reboot

如果在第5步的安装没有出错信息,那么,恭喜你已经完成一台olive的安装了!

Pppppppppppppppppp

 

Console: serial port
BIOS drive A: is disk0
BIOS drive C: is disk1
BIOS 639kB/252864kB available memory

FreeBSD/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 0.8
(builder@wyvern.juniper.net, Sat Nov 22 00:06:05 GMT 2003)
Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf
/boot/installer text=0x1cc925 data=0x1fae4+0x29b9c syms=[0x4+0x2b1c0+0x4+0x327d2]
|
Hit [Enter] to boot immediately, or space bar for command prompt.
Booting [installer]...
Copyright © 1996-2001, Juniper Networks, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Copyright © 1992-2001 The FreeBSD Project.
Copyright © 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
JUNOS 6.1R2.2 #0: 2003-11-22 00:08:48 UTC
builder@wyvern.juniper.net:/build/wyvern-c/6.1R2.2/obj-i386/sys/compile/MFS
Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz
Timecounter "TSC" frequency 1804098092 Hz
CPU: Pentium 4 (1804.10-MHz 686-class CPU)
Origin = "GenuineIntel" Id = 0xf13 Stepping = 3
Features=0x3febfbff,ACC>
real memory = 259981312 (253888K bytes)
sio0: gdb debugging port
avail memory = 245997568 (240232K bytes)
Olive CPU
Preloaded elf kernel "installer" at 0xc06cb000.
Preloaded md_image "/boot/mdimg" at 0xc06cb0a0.
DEVFS: ready for devices
md0: Preloaded image
3491840 bytes at 0xc037495c
md1: Malloc disk
npx0: on motherboard
npx0: INT 16 interface
pcib0: on motherboard
pci0: on pcib0
pci0: at 2.0 irq 5
pci0: at 29.0 irq 5
pci0: at 29.1 irq 9
pci0: at 29.2 irq 5
pci0: at 29.7 irq 11
pcib1: at device 30.0 on pci0
pci1: on pcib1
pci1: (vendor=0x10ec, dev=0x8139) at 1.0 irq 11
isab0: at device 31.0 on pci0
isa0: on isab0
atapci0: port 0xf000-0xf00f,0-0x3,0-0x7,0-0x3,0-0x7 irq 0 at device 31.1 on pci0
ata0: at 0x1f0 irq 14 on atapci0
ichsmb0: port 0x500-0x51f irq 9 at device 31.3 on pci0
pci0: (vendor=0x8086, dev=0x24c5) at 31.5 irq 9
fdc0: at port 0x3f0-0x3f5,0x3f7 irq 6 drq 2 on isa0
ata2 at port 0x170-0x177,0x376 irq 15 on isa0
atkbdc0: at port 0x60,0x64 on isa0
atkbd0: flags 0x1 irq 1 on atkbdc0
psm0: irq 12 on atkbdc0
psm0: model IntelliMouse, device ID 3
vga0: at port 0x3c0-0x3df iomem 0xa0000-0xbffff on isa0
sc0: at flags 0x100 on isa0
sc0: VGA <16 virtual consoles, flags=0x100>
sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x90 on isa0
sio0: type 16550A, console
sio1 at port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 on isa0
sio1: type 16550A
DEVFS: ready to run
ad0: 38166MB [77545/16/63] at ata0-master using BIOSDMA
ata2-slave: CDROM device - NO DRIVER!
Mounting root from cd9660:/dev/md0c
Disabling watchdog
=================== Bootstrap installer starting ===================
Initialized the environment
Routing engine model is Olive
Sourcing /sbin/Olive
Discovered that flash disk = , hard disk = ad0
Disk to install is wd0
Setting ospackage=jboot-6.1R2.2, configpackage=configs-6.1R2.2.tgz
Setting packlist=jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic.tgz
Setting isupgrade=jboot-6.1R2.2
Packages and configurations copied to /tmp
Cleaning up wd0...
WARNING: Not 6.X style partitioning, need to repwartition disk
Pdartitioning wd0.0..
10+0 records in
10+0 records ourt
5120 bytes traansferred in 0.0w01191 secs (4299 267 bytes/sec)
p******* Working aon device /dev/wrd0 *******
fdistk: invalid fdiski partition tablet found
fdisk: WiARNING: adjustinog start offset onf partition 1
from 1 to 63,s to fall on a heiad boundary
fdizsk: WARNING: adjeusting size of p artition 1 from !78165360 to 7816=5297
to end on a cylinder bsoundary
lice size
wd0: start 63, end 78165359, size 78165297
wd0c: start 63, end 8594774, size 8594712
Could not read disklabel for wd0
Installing disk wlabel on wd0
d0: raw partition size != slice size
wd0: start 63, end 78165359, size 78165297
wd0c: start 63, end 8594774, size 8594712
Running newfs on wd0s1a...
Warning: 3612 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated
/dev/wd0s1a: 225764 sectors in 56 cylinders of 1 tracks, 4096 sectors
110.2MB in 4 cyl groups (16 c/g, 32.00MB/g, 6912 i/g)
super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
32, 65568, 131104, 196640
Running newfs on wd0s1e...
Warning: 3588 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated
/dev/wd0s1e: 25084 sectors in 7 cylinders of 1 tracks, 4096 sectors
12.2MB in 1 cyl groups (16 c/g, 32.00MB/g, 3136 i/g)
super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
32
Running newfs on wd0s1f...
Warning: 3504 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated
/dev/wd0s1f: 76898896 sectors in 18775 cylinders of 1 tracks, 4096 sectors
37548.3MB in 1174 cyl groups (16 c/g, 32.00MB/g, 7936 i/g)
super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
32, 65568, 131104, 196640, 262176, 327712, 393248, 458784, 524320, 589856,
655392, 720928, 786464, 852000, 917536, 983072, 1048608, 1114144, 1179680,
1245216, 1310752, 1376288, 1441824, 1507360, 1572896, 1638432, 1703968,
1769504, 1835040, 1900576, 1966112, 2031648, 2097184, 2162720, 2228256,
2293792, 2359328, 2424864, 2490400, 2555936, 2621472, 2687008, 2752544,
2818080, 2883616, 2949152, 3014688, 3080224, 3145760, 3211296, 3276832,
3342368, 3407904, 3473440, 3538976, 3604512, 3670048, 3735584, 3801120,
3866656, 3932192, 3997728, 4063264, 4128800, 4194336, 4259872, 4325408,
4390944, 4456480, 4522016, 4587552, 4653088, 4718624, 4784160, 4849696,
4915232, 4980768, 5046304, 5111840, 5177376, 5242912, 5308448, 5373984,
5439520, 5505056, 5570592, 5636128, 5701664, 5767200, 5832736, 5898272,
5963808, 6029344, 6094880, 6160416, 6225952, 6291488, 6357024, 6422560,
6488096, 6553632, 6619168, 6684704, 6750240, 6815776, 6881312, 6946848,
7012384, 7077920, 7143456, 7208992, 7274528, 7340064, 7405600, 7471136,
7536672, 7602208, 7667744, 7733280, 7798816, 7864352, 7929888, 7995424,
8060960, 8126496, 8192032, 8257568, 8323104, 8388640, 8454176, 8519712,
8585248, 8650784, 8716320, 8781856, 8847392, 8912928, 8978464, 9044000,
9109536, 9175072, 9240608, 9306144, 9371680, 9437216, 9502752, 9568288,
9633824, 9699360, 9764896, 9830432, 9895968, 9961504, 10027040, 10092576,
10158112, 10223648, 10289184, 10354720, 10420256, 10485792, 10551328,
10616864, 10682400, 10747936, 10813472, 10879008, 10944544, 11010080,
11075616, 11141152, 11206688, 11272224, 11337760, 11403296, 11468832,
11534368, 11599904, 11665440, 11730976, 11796512, 11862048, 11927584,
11993120, 12058656, 12124192, 12189728, 12255264, 12320800, 12386336,
12451872, 12517408, 12582944, 12648480, 12714016, 12779552, 12845088,
12910624, 12976160, 13041696, 13107232, 13172768, 13238304, 13303840,
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13828128, 13893664, 13959200, 14024736, 14090272, 14155808, 14221344,
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17956896, 18022432, 18087968, 18153504, 18219040, 18284576, 18350112,
18415648, 18481184, 18546720, 18612256, 18677792, 18743328, 18808864,
18874400, 18939936, 19005472, 19071008, 19136544, 19202080, 19267616,
19333152, 19398688, 19464224, 19529760, 19595296, 19660832, 19726368,
19791904, 19857440, 19922976, 19988512, 20054048, 20119584, 20185120,
20250656, 20316192, 20381728, 20447264, 20512800, 20578336, 20643872,
20709408, 20774944, 20840480, 20906016, 20971552, 21037088, 21102624,
21168160, 21233696, 21299232, 21364768, 21430304, 21495840, 21561376,
21626912, 21692448, 21757984, 21823520, 21889056, 21954592, 22020128,
22085664, 22151200, 22216736, 22282272, 22347808, 22413344, 22478880,
22544416, 22609952, 22675488, 22741024, 22806560, 22872096, 22937632,
23003168, 23068704, 23134240, 23199776, 23265312, 23330848, 23396384,
23461920, 23527456, 23592992, 23658528, 23724064, 23789600, 23855136,
23920672, 23986208, 24051744, 24117280, 24182816, 24248352, 24313888,
24379424, 24444960, 24510496, 24576032, 24641568, 24707104, 24772640,
24838176, 24903712, 24969248, 25034784, 25100320, 25165856, 25231392,
25296928, 25362464, 25428000, 25493536, 25559072, 25624608, 25690144,
25755680, 25821216, 25886752, 25952288, 26017824, 26083360, 26148896,
26214432, 26279968, 26345504, 26411040, 26476576, 26542112, 26607648,
26673184, 26738720, 26804256, 26869792, 26935328, 27000864, 27066400,
27131936, 27197472, 27263008, 27328544, 27394080, 27459616, 27525152,
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28049440, 28114976, 28180512, 28246048, 28311584, 28377120, 28442656,
28508192, 28573728, 28639264, 28704800, 28770336, 28835872, 28901408,
28966944, 29032480, 29098016, 29163552, 29229088, 29294624, 29360160,
29425696, 29491232, 29556768, 29622304, 29687840, 29753376, 29818912,
29884448, 29949984, 30015520, 30081056, 30146592, 30212128, 30277664,
30343200, 30408736, 30474272, 30539808, 30605344, 30670880, 30736416,
30801952, 30867488, 30933024, 30998560, 31064096, 31129632, 31195168,
31260704, 31326240, 31391776, 31457312, 31522848, 31588384, 31653920,
31719456, 31784992, 31850528, 31916064, 31981600, 32047136, 32112672,
32178208, 32243744, 32309280, 32374816, 32440352, 32505888, 32571424,
32636960, 32702496, 32768032, 32833568, 32899104, 32964640, 33030176,
33095712, 33161248, 33226784, 33292320, 33357856, 33423392, 33488928,
33554464, 33620000, 33685536, 33751072, 33816608, 33882144, 33947680,
34013216, 34078752, 34144288, 34209824, 34275360, 34340896, 34406432,
34471968, 34537504, 34603040, 34668576, 34734112, 34799648, 34865184,
34930720, 34996256, 35061792, 35127328, 35192864, 35258400, 35323936,
35389472, 35455008, 35520544, 35586080, 35651616, 35717152, 35782688,
35848224, 35913760, 35979296, 36044832, 36110368, 36175904, 36241440,
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38600736, 38666272, 38731808, 38797344, 38862880, 38928416, 38993952,
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39518240, 39583776, 39649312, 39714848, 39780384, 39845920, 39911456,
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40435744, 40501280, 40566816, 40632352, 40697888, 40763424, 40828960,
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67960864, 68026400, 68091936, 68157472, 68223008, 68288544, 68354080,
68419616, 68485152, 68550688, 68616224, 68681760, 68747296, 68812832,
68878368, 68943904, 69009440, 69074976, 69140512, 69206048, 69271584,
69337120, 69402656, 69468192, 69533728, 69599264, 69664800, 69730336,
69795872, 69861408, 69926944, 69992480, 70058016, 70123552, 70189088,
70254624, 70320160, 70385696, 70451232, 70516768, 70582304, 70647840,
70713376, 70778912, 70844448, 70909984, 70975520, 71041056, 71106592,
71172128, 71237664, 71303200, 71368736, 71434272, 71499808, 71565344,
71630880, 71696416, 71761952, 71827488, 71893024, 71958560, 72024096,
72089632, 72155168, 72220704, 72286240, 72351776, 72417312, 72482848,
72548384, 72613920, 72679456, 72744992, 72810528, 72876064, 72941600,
73007136, 73072672, 73138208, 73203744, 73269280, 73334816, 73400352,
73465888, 73531424, 73596960, 73662496, 73728032, 73793568, 73859104,
73924640, 73990176, 74055712, 74121248, 74186784, 74252320, 74317856,
74383392, 74448928, 74514464, 74580000, 74645536, 74711072, 74776608,
74842144, 74907680, 74973216, 75038752, 75104288, 75169824, 75235360,
75300896, 75366432, 75431968, 75497504, 75563040, 75628576, 75694112,
75759648, 75825184, 75890720, 75956256, 76021792, 76087328, 76152864,
76218400, 76283936, 76349472, 76415008, 76480544, 76546080, 76611616,
76677152, 76742688, 76808224, 76873760
Installing JUNOS on wd0...
Making root filesystem...
Adding jbase...
Mounted jbase on /mnt/packages/mnt/jbase (/dev/vn0)
Adding jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic.tgz...
Requested space: 185698680 bytes, free space: 35061088256 bytes in /var/tmp/instmp.xCD7Du
Running requirements file first for jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic..
Running pre-install for jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic..
extract: Package name is jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic
extract: CWD to .
Running post-install for jbundle-6.1R2.2-domestic..
Verified MD5 checksum of jbase-6.1R2.2.tgz
Verified MD5 checksum of jboot-6.1R2.2
Verified MD5 checksum of jcrypto-6.1R2.2.tgz
Verified MD5 checksum of jdocs-6.1R2.2.tgz
Verified MD5 checksum of jkernel-6.1R2.2.tgz
Verified MD5 checksum of jpfe-6.1R2.2.tgz
Verified MD5 checksum of jroute-6.1R2.2.tgz
Adding jkernel...
Adding jcrypto...
Adding jpfe...
Adding jdocs...
Adding jroute...
Restoring backed up configurations...
Unmounted /mnt/packages/mnt/jbase
24: Terminated
Waiting (max 60 seconds) for system process `bufdaemon' to stop...stopped
Waiting (max 60 seconds) for system process `syncer' to stop...stopped

syncing disks...
done
Uptime: 2m10s
ata0: Spinning down devices. Please wait...
ata2: Spinning down devices. Please wait...
Rebooting...


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原文链接:http://www.router.net.cn/softrouter/BsdRouter/200505/2243.html

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